1.Look into medication. kidney stone If you have trouble passing small stones on your own, your doctor may prescribe a type of medication called an alpha blocker, which relaxes the muscles in your ureter to help you pass the stones more easily. This should be sufficient for smaller stones, but you may need extra help to pass larger ones.

2.Get extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy kidney stone.This procedure uses sound waves to break up large stones, making them easier to pass. Since the procedure can be painful, patients are usually placed under anesthesia during the 30 to 45 minute process of pulverizing the stones. This is an effective treatment, but it can cause bruising and pain as the small pieces of stone eventually pass.

3.See if the stone can be removed with a ureteroscope. Stones that are too large to be broken up with shock wave therapy, but too small to require surgery may be removed with a scope that is inserted into the ureter. Once the stone is located, it is broken up using small tools. Since the procedure can be painful, it usually requires either local or general anesthesia.

4.Have percutaneous nephrolithotomy surgery. For large stones that can’t be broken into bits using shock wave therapy, surgery may be required to remove them. A small incision is made in the patient’s back, and a tiny instrument is inserted to remove the kidney stone or stones. The surgery requires an overnight stay in the hospital.

 

5.See if thyroid treatment is necessary. In some cases, calcium kidney stone are caused by hyperparathyroidism, which is when the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone. This can happen when a small tumor grows on a parathyroid gland, or when a separate condition causes the parathyroid to overproduce parathyroid hormone.

Figure out what kind of stones you have. Kidney stone produce the same symptoms, but they can be caused by several different conditions. Knowing what’s causing the formation of your kidney stone will help you reduce their size and prevent them in the future.

  • Calcium stones: these are the most common type of stones, and are caused by a high level of calcium combined with another substance, such as oxalate or uric acid. Doctors may prescribe a thiazide diuretic or phosphate containing preparation in order to get rid of these stones.
  • Uric acid stones: these form when the urine contains too much acid. Doctors will prescribe allopurinol, which may help dissolve the kidney stone. Also, they may prescribe potassium citrate to lower the pH of the urine and dissolve the uric acid stone.
  • Struvite stones: these can form after a urinary tract infection. To prevent struvite stones, your doctor might suggest that you keep your urinary tract clean and free of infections.

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