Certain Factors May Increase Your Risk Of Ovarian Cancer: A risk factor is anything that changes your chance of getting a disease like cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. For example, unprotected exposure to strong sunlight is a risk factor for skin cancer. Smoking is a risk factor for a number of cancers.
Age:The risk of developing this diseas gets higher with age. This diseas is rare in women younger than 40. Most ovarian cancers develop after menopause. Half of all ovarian cancers are found in women 63 years of age or older.
Obesity: Various studies have looked at the relationship of obesity and this diseas . Overall, it seems that obese women (those with a body mass index of at least 30) have a higher risk of developing this diseas .
Reproductive history: Women who have been pregnant and carried it to term before age 26 have a lower risk of this diseas r than women who have not. The risk goes down with each full-term pregnancy. Women who have their first full-term pregnancy after age 35 or who never carried a pregnancy to term have a higher risk of ovarian cancer.
Breastfeeding may lower the risk even further.
Birth control: Women who have used oral contraceptives (also known as birth control pills or the pill) have a lower risk of ovarian cancer. The lower risk is seen after only 3 to 6 months of using the pill, and the risk is lower the longer the pills are used. This lower risk continues for many years after the pill is stopped.
Gynecologic surgery: Tubal ligation (having your tubes tied) may reduce the chance of developing ovarian cancer by up to two-thirds. A hysterectomy (removing the uterus without removing the ovaries) also seems to reduce the risk of getting ovarian cancer by about one-third.
Family cancer syndromes: About 5 to 10% of ovarian cancers are a part of family cancer syndromes resulting from inherited changes (mutations) in certain genes.
Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome: This syndrome is caused by inherited mutations in the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, as well as possibly some other genes that have not yet been identified. This syndrome is linked to a high risk of breast cancer as well as ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancers. The risk of some other cancers, such as pancreatic cancer and prostate cancer, are also increased.
Smoking and alcohol use: Smoking doesn’t increase the risk of this diseas overall, but it is linked to an increased risk for the mucinous type.Drinking alcohol is not linked to ovarian cancer risk.