Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

While the exact cause of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is unknown, doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a role. Women are more likely to develop PCOS if their mother or sister also has the condition. Overproduction of the hormone androgen may be another contributing factor. Androgen is a male sex hormone that women’s bodies also produce. Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) often produce higher-than-normal levels of androgen. This can affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation. Excess insulin (a hormone that helps convert sugars and starches into energy) may cause high androgen levels.

Symptoms of PCOS

Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) typically start soon after a woman begins to menstruate. The type and severity of symptoms varies from person to person. The most common characteristic of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is irregular menstrual periods.Because PCOS is marked by a decrease in female sex hormones, this condition may cause women to develop certain male characteristics, such as:

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