Dyslexia is a developmental reading disorder (DRD) that occurs in children with normal intelligence. It is a reading disability despite intelligence, motivation, and educational opportunities that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols.
Facts and Statistics about Dyslexia
- Dyslexia is the most common learning disability affecting at least 1 in 10 children worldwide.
- This translates to 700 million children and adults who are at risk around the world.
- According to the estimate, 32 million in the United States, 6.4 million in the United Kingdom and 125 million in India will potentially have dyslexia.
- Dyslexia affects girls and boys alike.
- Dyslexia affects all ethnic or socio-economic groups alike.
- If undetected by the 2nd grade, dyslexic children grow up to be dyslexic adults at which point there is no cure and they have to learn to compensate.
- Hence, if teachers are trained in early identification and intervention of dyslexia, 90% of those affected can be educated in the mainstream classrooms and adult this disorder can be prevented.
- Some dyslexic children with extraordinary intelligence are Albert Einstein, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Winston Churchill, Benjamin Franklin, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and John Lennon.
What are the Causes of Dyslexia?
Neuroanatomical: this disorder is caused due to impairment in the brain’s ability to translate images received from the eyes or ears into understandable language.
It has been proved that the brain of a dyslexic person is structurally and functionally different from that of others. Studies have shown that the inborn wiring system of the brain related to developing mental skills is different in dyslexics and this is the root cause of dyslexia.
What are the Complications of Dyslexia?
1. Adjusting and anxiety issues
Persons suffering from this disorder are often inconsistent in their performances. What they can do well today, they have difficulty in repeating it another day. Even if they are making errors in their outputs, the nature of errors may vary each time, confusing both the dyslexic persons and their guides. Hence, often a dyslexic person feels more anxious throughout the day than any other differently-abled person.
2. Social and emotional problems:Dyslexic persons have been observed to be less socially or emotionally mature than their peers. This may cause poor self-image and fewer acceptances by peers. A dyslexic person may react differently to social situations, because of their social immaturity, causing embarrassment to others.
Later in life when language becomes one important way of expression, a dyslexic person may feel disabled in establishing emotional bonding and social relationships.Some other emotions most commonly experienced by dyslexic people are anger about themselves and others, depression due to inability to fit the surroundings and frustration of not being able to perform to their satisfaction.