Stage III Colon Cancer Treatment
Stage III: Colon Cancer Stages have spread outside the colon to one or more lymph nodes.Your doctor may talk about stage lIl A, B, or C tumors. Here’s what that means:
Stage lIlA: Tumors are within the colon cancer stages wall and also involve the lymph nodes.
Stage lIlB: Tumors have grown through the colon wall and have spread to one to four lymph node.
Stage lIlC: Tumors have spread to more than four lymph nodes.
- Surgery to remove the tumor and all involved lymph nodes if possible
- Chemotherapy after surgery
- Radiation if the tumor is large and invading the tissue surrounding the colon
Stage IV Colon Cancer Treatment
Stage IV: Colon cancers stages have spread outside the colon to other parts of the body, such as the liver or the lungs. You may also hear the cancer called “metastatic,” which means that it has spread.The tumor can be any size and may or may not include affected lymph nodes.
Surgery. You may need an operation to remove the cancer, both in the colon and in other places where it has spread. Or you may need surgery to bypass the cancer and hook back up the healthy parts of the colon.
Chemotherapy . Along with chemotherapy, you may get:
- Bevacizumab (Avastin), cetuximab (Erbitux), or panitumumab(Vectibix). These drugs work on your immune system. Your doctor may call them “monoclonal antibodies.” Whether you get them depends on certain aspects of your tumor.
- Ziv-Aflibercept (Zaltrap), if your cancer has worsened or doesn’t respond to other treatment.
Targeted therapy: Your doctor may consider regorafenib if your metastatic Colon cancer stages has progressed despite other treatment.
Radiation to ease symptoms.
You may also want to consider joining a clinical trial. These are studies that test new drugs or treatments to see if they are safe and if they work. They often are a way for people to try new medicine that isn’t available to everyone. Your doctor can tell you if one of these trials might be a good fit for you.
If Your Colon Cancer Comes Back
Doctors call Colon cancer stages “recurrent” if it comes back (recurs) after treatment. It may come back in or near the same area, or in a different part of your body.Recurrence is most likely in people who had more advanced Colon cancer stages the first time.
Treatment may involve:
- Surgery to remove the recurrences
- If all the cancer can’t be removed in an operation, chemotherapy is the main treatment.
- Clinical trials are another option. Source